|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis, 60, 1/2012
O B S A H
Š t ú d i e
Babic, Marek: Verejné staviteľstvo v
neskoroantickom Ríme ako médium politickej propagandy ... 5
Vašš, Martin: Národohospodári Imrich Karvaš – Peter Zaťko a slovenská otázka v tridsiatych rokoch 20. storočia ... 99
Schvarc, Michal – Schriffl, David: „Vec: Československo.“ Neznáma správa Wernera Göttscha o okolnostiach vzniku Slovenského štátu ... 115
Kratochvíl, Viliam: Staronové druhy narácií v didakticko-historických textoch ... 141
R e c e n z i e
Sroka, Andrej Stanislav: Średniowieczny Bardiów i
jego kontakty z Małopolska (Pavol Hudáček) ... 149
Glosy ... 162
Kronika ... 173
Obhájené práce ... 185
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Babic, Marek:Public buildings in Late Antique
Rome as a medium for political propaganda ... 5
H o r i z o n s
Vašš, Martin: The national economists Imrich Karvaš and Peter Zaťko and the Slovak question in the 1930s ... 99
Schvarc, Michal – Schriffl, David: “Subject: Czechoslovakia”. An unknown report by Werner Göttsch on the circumstances of the origin of the Slovak state ... 115
Kratochvíl, Viliam: Traditional but also new types of narrative in history textbooks ... 141
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
Babic, Marek:Öffentliches Bauwesen in spätantiken
Rom als Medium für politische Propaganda ... 5
H o r i z o n s
Vašš, Martin: Volkswirtschaftler Imrich Karvaš – Peter Zaťko und die slowakische Frage in den 30er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts ... 99
Schvarc, Michal – Schriffl, David: „Betreff: Tschechoslowakei“. Unbekannter Bericht von Werner Göttsch über die Umstände der Entstehung des Slowakischen Staates ... 115
Kratochvíl, Viliam: Altneue Narrationsarten in didaktisch–historischen Texten ... 141
KRITIK – GLOSSEN – BIBLIOGRAPHIE – CHRONIK
BABIC, Marek. Public buildings in Late Antique Rome as a medium for political propaganda. The testimony of inscriptions and legal documents.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 5-22, Bratislava.
In the era of the Late Roman Empire – 4th and 5th centuries – the public buildings of the city of Rome not only passively reflected the political, religious and economic changes affecting the Roman Empire in the period of intensive barbarian raids and the gradual Christianization of society. They also actively served as a medium for political propaganda from the ruling elite. This study poses two inter-related basic questions: How did public building in Late Antique Rome reflect the substantial changes in politics, religion and culture? How were these changes perceived by the ruling elite, which interpreted and defined the basic problems of building in inscriptions and legislation?
Public buildings. Architecture, Ekphrasis. Late Antique Rome. Propaganda. Inscriptions. Legal documents.
KOWALSKÁ, Eva. ...These small town people have still not matured to something like that... The casino in Modra – an unknown part of the casino movement and process of “national awakening”.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 23-32, Bratislava.
The casino movement in the Kingdom of Hungary also found a response in Mod-ra, which belonged to the category of smaller towns. It is a previously unknown development, not mentioned in the comprehensive study of the casino movement. The author’s analysis is based on hitherto unknown documents. She clarifies the process of establishment of a town casino, analyses the leadership of the club and its relationship to the Slovak casino. The latter originated on an ethnic basis and came into long-term conflict with the town casino. Both casinos became venues for cultivated social life, differentiation of political positions in a revolutionary period and a form of national representation.
Casino movement. Modra. Town casino versus Slovak casino. 1848 revolution.
BUČKA, Peter. Physical education and sport in the period of the First Slovak Republic.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 33-48, Bratislava.
In contrast to the apparently apolitical sport, the physical education organizations in the democratic system of the First Czechoslovak Republic were connected with individual political parties. When a totalitarian system began to form in Slovakia, they were a welcome means for settling accounts with political opponents. This happened soon after the declaration of the autonomy of Slovakia on 6 October 1938. The declaration of autonomy had a positive influence on sport at first. National sports unions were formed, and from 7 March 1939, they were placed under the Slovak Central Sports Council (Slovenská ústredná športová rada). Sport maintained its independence outside the framework of the Hlinka Guard even after Act no.166 on the Hlinka Guard was adopted. The act entrusted the guard with organizing physical education and sport as the only national physical education and defence organization.
Slovakia. First Slovak Republic. Physical education. Sport.
IBERL, Kateřina. A few remarques upon the Russian Orthodox parish of Bratislava in the years 1924-1945, in the context of the Russian exile conditions.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 49-75, Bratislava.
The spiritual life of the Russian Orthodox community in Bratislava 1924-1945 represents – in contrast to the monastery of St. Hiob in Ladomirova in North-Eastern Slovakia – a hardly known chapter at the cross-point of Slovakian and Russian history. About 25,000 emigrés from Russia found shelter in Czechoslovakia as a consequence of the Bolshevist revolution and the debacle of the White movement. Most of the emigrés came after 1921, after the Russian Relief Action of the Czechoslovak government had been launched. About 2000 persons settled scattered all over Slovakia. In Bratislava, however, the biggest Slovakian emigré centre came into being (in the 30s about 500 persons). In 1924 the Russian Orthodox parish was founded. Three Russian priests were in service there until 1945, acting not just in Bratislava but also in other Slovakian communities where Russian emigrés lived. Metropolitan Evlogy (Georgievsky) appreciated their selfless work among the exiles very much. Beyond the religious function sensu stricto the Russian orthodox community of Bratislava organized charity aid for needy fellow-countrymen in the city. During World War II, the work of Bratislavian parishioners extended significantly, including Russian citizens from the occupied territories of the USSR as well. Bishop Sergy´s possibilities, however, to visit orthodox communities of Metropolitan Evlogy´s jurisdiction in Slovakia became complicated.
Czechoslovakia. Slovakia. World War II. Russian Orthodox Church. Parish in Bratislava 1924-1945.
SORBY, Karol. Egypt’s Role in Superpower Politics in the mid-1960s.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 77-98, Bratislava.
The coming to Power of Lyndon B. Johnson and the expulsion of Nikita Khruschev from the Kremlin brought about important changes in the relationship between the superpowers and the Arab states. The period witnessed a steady deterioration of both inter-Arab and US-Arab relations. By the end of 1964 US-Egyptian relations reached a crisis. Several developments led to this point: 1. further Egyptian economic and military dependence on the Soviet Union; 2. Egypt’s involvement in the Arab-Israeli conflict; 3. Egyptian military and political support of the rebels in the Congo; 4. Egypt’s armed presence in Yemen; 5. the burning of the Kennedy Library in Cairo; 6. US economic threats against Cairo. The calm that marked the period was deceptive; the storm was never far away.
History. The Cold War in the Middle East in the mid-1960s.
VAŠŠ, Martin. The national economists Imrich Karvaš and Peter Zaťko and the Slovak question in the 1930s.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 99-114, Bratislava.
This study is an analysis of the views and conceptions of the Slovak national economists Imrich Karvaš and Peter Zaťko in relation to solution of the Slovak question in the thirties up to 6 October 1938. A further aim of the study is analysis of the concept of regionalism in the understanding of Imrich Karvaš and Peter Zaťko as a compromise approach between autonomism and centralism to solution of the Slovak question in the 1930s. The study also outlines the actual activities of I. Karvaš and P. Zaťko, which contributed to dynamization of the process of sol-ving the Slovak question in the thirties: establishment of the magazine Politika, the conference of the young Slovak generation on 25th and 26th June 1932 at Trenčianske Teplice and their activity in Slovak economic corporations.
1930s. Imrich Karvaš. Peter Zaťko. Regionalism.
SCHRIFFL, David – SCHVARC, Michal. “Subject: Czechoslovakia”. An unknown report by Werner Göttsch on the circumstances of the origin of the Slovak state.
Historický časopis, 2012, 60, 1, pp. 115-139, Bratislava.
Part of the historical community and the lay public generally regard the circumstances of the origin of the Slovak state as a well-researched and closed theme. Our research over several years into German sources in foreign archives shows that this is not true. Documents are constantly found that disturb the familiar stereotypes or even overturn them. They undoubtedly include the hitherto practically unknown report of Werner Göttsch, a member of the Führer’s Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst – SD). It is not only interesting for the fact that it originated two weeks after the turbulent events, but especially for its content. Its author presents some entirely new facts, which shed some new light on the circumstances of the origin of the Slovak state in March 1939. In particular, he deals with the role of Vojtech Tuka in the plans of the SD foreign intelligence and the Berlin Foreign Ministry, a view of the Slovak political spectrum from the point of view of the intelligence bodies of the Reich, the activities of the SD in the autonomous Slovak region and the role of the leadership of the German minority during the March events of 1939. It also gives the researcher a picture of the relations between the individual components of the Nazi apparatus, which had Slovakia in their job description, and the rivalry between the two components of the SD – domestic and foreign. The hitherto unknown aspects of the role of V. Tuka in the political game surrounding Slovak independence are also a promising stimulus for further discussion in Slovak historiography.
Sicherheitsdienst, Auswärtiges Amt, Origin of the Slovak state, German – Slovak relations, Break up of Czecho-Slovakia, Vojtech Tuka, March events of 1939.
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