|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
STREDNEJ EURÓPY. VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED.
Historický časopis, 51, 2/2003
O B S A H
Š t ú d i e
M a r e k, Miloš: Pečenehovia a Uzi na Slovensku ...193
R o z h ľ a d y
Č a p l o v i č o v á, Kristína: Uhorská šľachta v 18. storočí ...295
A r c h í v
N i ž ň a n s k ý, Eduard - K a m e n e c, Ivan: Poplatky za deportovaných slovenských Židov ...311
R e c e n z i e
Alexander Dubček: Od totality k demokracii. Prejavy, články a rozhovory. Výber
1963 - 1992 (E. Londáková) ...343
G L O S Y - B I B L I O G R A F I A - K R O N I K A
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
M a r e k, , Miloš: Pechenegs and Ouzes in Slovakia ...193
H o r i z o n s
Č a p l o v i č o v á, Kristína: Hungarian nobility in the 18th century ...295
A r c h i v e s
N i ž ň a n s k ý, Eduard - K a m e n e c, Ivan: Fees for Jewish deportees ...311
R E V I E W - A N N O T A T I O N S - B I B L I O G R A P H Y - C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
M a r e k, , Miloš: Die Petschenegen und Uzen in der Slowakei ...193
R u n d s c h a u
Č a p l o v i č o v á, Kristína: Ungarischer Adel im 18. Jahrhundert ...295
A r c h i v
N i ž ň a n s k ý, Eduard - K a m e n e c, Ivan: Gebühre für die deportierten slowakischen Juden ...311
K R I T I K - G L O S S E N - B I B L I O G R A P H I E - C H R O N I K
MAREK, M.: Pechenegs and Ouzes in Slovakia.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 193–222, Bratislava.
Pechenegs were mostly known from all the oriental ethnic groups of Turkish origin in Hungarian territory and Slovakia. Majority of their settlements originated due to the central rule during the second half of the 10th century up to the end of the 11th century. These settlements were established to protect the borders (speculatores) and were situated on the former bordering lines. But quite a lot of settlements can be found in the interior, for example along the river Danube. This territory with its marshy terrain was suitable for semi-migrant cattle breading which the Pechenegs were living on. Except being the border protectors, the Pechenegs’ military nature was also used by the Hungarian troops. Contrary to the central part of the country, where their settlements in the territory rich in steppes were more compact, the Pechenegs in Slovakia lived in separated settlements.
History. Hungary. Pechenegs and Ouzes in Hungarian territory and Slovakia.
ŠTEFÁNIK, M.: Venice as the commercial rival of Hungary during the reign of the Anjou dynasty.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 223–240, Bratislava.
The Anjou – the new dynasty on Hungarian throne – started a new period of economic de¬ve¬lop¬ment of the country. Basic strategy was changed from the agricultural into commercial orientation. Although precious metals remained the main export articles, the king Charles Robert raised his income by the reforms in mining and mintage. His foreign-economic policy had a so called “central European“ character and he did not enter any more serious conflicts with Venice. In the twenties of the 14th century he invited Venetian merchants to Hungary, guaranteed their security and looked to their compensation of possible losses. Oriental goods were imported from Vienna which using the right of storage could perform the trade with the Mediterranean. Along with other rulers Charles Robert tried to make German merchants to use Hungary as a mediator in creating the contacts with Venice. Charles’ son Luis the Great performed the policy on the whole European basis. After his death Hungary was again in chaos. In that time Venetian Republic restored its position both economically and politically, became the winner in this competition.
History. Hungary. Venice as a commercial rival of Hungary during Anjou reign.
FUNDÁRKOVÁ, A.: Palatine Paul Pálffy and Hungarian political life in the years 1649 – 1654.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 241–262, Bratislava.
Paul Pálffy (1592 – 1653), the son of the Ráb (Györ) hero Nicholas Pálffy, belonged among the most significant personalities in our, but also the Central European history. He was in leading positions at Hungarian authorities: he was the chair of Hungarian chamber, local judge and palatine and being favoured by Ferdinand III and supported by Maximilian von Trauttmansdorf he also became a member of the Secret Board, the top ruling body of the monarchy. After Nicholas Esterházy’s death in the year 1645, Pálffy became the leading figure of the political association “Esterházy men“. The aim of his party was to liberate the central part of Hungary from the Osman rule. Therefore Pálffy and his supporters made links and contacts at the Vienna court and tried to make economic and military reforms in Hungary. The links with Transylvania formed an interesting part of Pálffy’s political activities.
History. Hungary. Palatine Paul Pálffy and political life in the years 1649 – 1654.
KOLLÁROVÁ, I.: Matthias Bel – Publisher of religious literature.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 263–276, Bratislava.
Matthias Bel’s productive personality can be evaluated even in the context of publishing and history of books. He took an active part in the origin of 35 books – as the author of the text, editor and collector, the author of the introductions, translator, as well as publisher. The Bible and religious literature are inseparable from the Evangelic confession in Hungary. The present study deals with Bel’s role in publishing and distribution of other biblical texts – 7 editions of practical theology for Evangelic confession in particular. The influence of royal, as well as inner-church censorship upon the publishing is being dealt with. The study confirms the significance of a non-institutionalized, private publishing house for saturating the needs of religious literature among the Evangelic inhabitants in the Hungarian territory of the 18th century.
History. Hungary. Matthias Bel – the publisher of religious literature.
BAKA, I.: Mechanisms, aims and methods of National Party Propaganda in the years 1938 – 1939.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 277–294, Bratislava.
The proclamation of Slovakia’s autonomy on the 6th October 1938, which Hlinka’s Slovak National Party ultimatively initiated, was one of the Munich Agreement’s consequencies. Under Hlinka’s party the regime of one leading party was established in Slovakia. Propaganda was one of the most important means for strengthening the Party’s totalitarian power. In this connection the author deals with gradual „in-national – and christian – spiritual“ influence on the press, radio, education and culture, and in such a way fulfilling „the basic political orientation of the leading party“. He analyses also the origin of the Popaganda Office’s influence in order to unify the coordination of control over the mass media. He also looks at the Office’s cooperation with other state institutions.
History. Slovakia. The role of National party’s propaganda in the years 1938 – 1939.
ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, K.: Hungarian nobility in the 18th century.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 295–310, Bratislava.
The present study is a general excursion into the world of Hungarian nobility in the 18th century. It presents and explains the notions and facts linked with the existence and activities of the noble society. In order to understand the 18th century Hungarian nobility’s behaviour and thinking it is important to examine the conditions and prerequisites of its development. The author does not ignore the development of Hungarian nobility in the previous centuries either. She indicates the key milestones in its development from the legal viewpoint. The study presents the rights and duties of Hungarian nobility, its variability, as well as its role in the state. The author devotes attention to the individual layers of nobility, as well as its mutual relations with the king. The significance and power of the nobility are evaluted in the political, economic and social context.
History. Hungary. Hungarian nobility in the 18th century.
NIŽŇANSKÝ, E. – KAMENEC, I.: Fees for Jewish deportees.
Historický časopis, 51, 2, 2003, pp. 311–342, Bratislava.
Slovak Jews’ transports into the Nazi concentration camps represent one of the traumatizing factors of modern Slovak history. And, the then Slovak government paid Germany so called settlement fees which was a unique fact in the history of European Jews’ holocaust. Another similar one was in Croatia. The documents reconstruct complicated Slovak-German finan¬cial relation, as well as the negotiations which dealt with the solution of Slovak Jews’ issue. Those relations became more complicated in the years 1939 – 1940 when the IIIrd Reich confiscated the property of Jews of Slovak nationality who lived either in Germany, or on the territories annected by Germany without any compensation. The so called settlement fee (500 marks, approximately 5000 Slovak crowns) for each Jewish deportee from Slovakia was not only a moral fiasco, but resulted in financial detriment for the Slovak state.
History. Slovakia. Fees for Slovak Jewish deportees.
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