HISTORICKÝ ČASOPIS

3/2017

VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY
VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY. VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

AKTUÁLNE ČÍSLO | REDAKCIA | POKYNY PRE AUTOROV | ARCHÍV | OBJEDNÁVKA | TIRÁŽ

Historický časopis, 61, 4/2013

O B S A H

Š t ú d i e

Lysá, Žofia: Bratislavskí hostia v 13. storočí. Zvyky, právo a správa ... 603
Fabricius, Miroslav: Formovanie československej ekonomiky 1918 – 1920 ... 627

Materiály

Štefánik, Martin: Daňové povinnosti banského a mincového mesta Kremnica v stredoveku ... 645

Diskusia

Homza, Martin: O kráľovskom titule Svätopluka I. († 894) ... 655
Steinhübel, Ján: Bol alebo nebol Svätopluk kráľom? ... 671

R e c e n z i e

Zupka, Dušan. Rituály a symbolická komunikácia v stredovekej strednej Európe (Pavol Hudáček) ... 697
Csáky, Moritz. Das Gedächtnis der Städte. Kulturelle Verflechtungen – Wien und die urbanen Milieus in Zentraleuropa (Elena Mannová) ... 700
Maskalík, Alex. Elita armády. Československá vojenská generalita 1918 – 1992 (Peter Švorc) ... 703

Glosy ... 706

Kronika ... 714

Slovenská historiografia 2011 (Alžbeta Sedliaková) ... 729


C O N T E N T S

A r t i c l e s

Lysá, Žofia:Bratislava Guests in the 13th Century. Customs, Law and Administration ... 603
Fabricius, Miroslav: The Formation of the Czechoslovak Economy (1918 – 1920) ... 627

M a t e r i a l s

Štefánik, Martin: Tax Obligations of the Mining and Mint Town of Kremnica in the Middle Ages ... 645

Discussion

Homza, Martin: On the royal title of Svätopluk I († 894) ... 655
Steinhübel, Ján: Was Svätopluk really a king? ... 671

Slovak Historiography in 2011 (Alžbeta Sedliaková) ... 729

R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E


I N H A L T

S t u d i e n

Lysá, Žofia:Gäste von Preßburg (Bratislava) im 13. Jahrhundert. Bräuche, Recht und Verwaltung ... 603
Fabricius, Miroslav: Die Gestaltung der tschechoslowakischen Wirtschaft (1918-1920) ... 627

M a t e r i a l i e n

Štefánik, Martin: Steuerpflichten der Bergbau- und Münzstadt Kremnitz (Kremnica) im Mittelalter ... 645

Diskussion

Homza, Martin: Über den Königstitel von Svatopluk (Svätopluk) I. (†894) ... 655
Steinhübel, Ján: War Svatopluk (Svätopluk) ein König oder nicht? ... 671

Slowakische Historiographie 2011 (Alžbeta Sedliaková) ... 729

K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K


LYSÁ, Žofia. Bratislava Guests in the 13th Century. Customs, Law and Administration.

Historický časopis, 2013, 61, 4, pp. 603-625, Bratislava.

The study is concerned with the social and legal group in the Kingdom of Hungary called hospites (Guests), who formed a basic element in the emerging towns such as the one below Bratislava Castle. Using the written sources from the 13th century concerning Hungary and especially Bratislava, it presents the concepts of legal customs and privileges, which formed the main source of town law. The administrative and judicial position of the inhabitants of the complex below Bratislava Castle in the 13th century is considered. Attention is also devoted to the problem of municipal autonomy and the question of its position under the jurisdiction of the Sheriff of Bratislava before 1291.

Key words: Middle Ages. Bratislava. Guests. Burghers. Administration. Town Law. Customs.


FABRICIUS, Miroslav. The Formation of the Czechoslovak Economy (1918 – 1920).

Historický časopis, 2013, 61, 4, pp. 627-644, Bratislava.

The Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed in October 1918. The new state united the Czech Lands, which had relatively well developed industry and agriculture, with backward mainly agrarian Slovakia. There were already ideas of territorial or political union of Slovakia and the Czech Lands in the period before the First World War. However, there was no definite “program” by which their economic unification could be more deeply considered. The need to work out a “program” to solve the problems connected with the adaptation of Slovakia and the Czech Lands to the new conditions in the economic field was not really felt even in the period immediately after the formation of the new state. The problems that began to appear in the running of the economy were mostly attributed to the transition from wartime conditions to peace, or to faults in the work of the bureaucracy. The post-war economic crisis brought a reversal of this view. The Slovak political representatives strove to use not only parliamentary, but also other means to pursue their demands. On the initiative of Slovak political circles, the activity of chambers of commerce and industry was revived, and the Central Association of Slovak Industry and various other institutions were established. However, their legal powers were limited, and so their activities were more or less limited to solving the current operational problems.

Key words: The Origin of Czechoslovakia. Unification of Slovakia with the Czech Lands. Economic Problems. the Post-War Economic Crisis.


ŠTEFÁNIK, Martin. Tax Obligations of the Mining and Mint Town of Kremnica in the Middle Ages.

Historický časopis, 2013, 61, 4, pp. 645-654, Bratislava.

The first document relating to royal taxes of Kremnica dates from 1375 and mentions a sum of 600 “red” florins. Various documents from the reign of Sigismund record 300 gold florins paid twice a year. The Union of Central Slovak Mining Towns headed by Kremnica began to form from the end of the 14th century and to act together. In 1424, King Sigismund granted all the towns including Kremnica to his wife Queen Barbara, and from that time they paid their tax to the queen. As head of the Union, Kremnica was given responsibility for joint accounting at the beginning of the 16th century, but it probably already had this role from an earlier date. The mining towns paid the royal tax (taxa regia) jointly. In the documented years 1507-1518, Kremnica paid about a quarter (24.87 – 27.49%) of the tax or in absolute amounts 106 – 288.67 accounting florins. The reduction of the regular tax in comparison with the previous period can be explained by the raising of extraordinary, especially military taxes and the general impoverishment of the mining towns as a result of the declining profitability of mining. Complaints to the king about these problems were so frequent that in numerous cases taxes were not charged for long periods. The share and documentation of the regular taxes gradually declined in comparison with the irregular or special taxes (visit by monarch, military taxes – the so called subsidia etc). In these cases, the joint tax could reach several thousand florins. Kremnica’s share may have been about a quarter. As for military taxes (subsidia), the towns were often willing to pay only a small part of demanded sums. They attempted to negotiate with the king to gain a substantial reduction.

Key words: Middle Ages. Towns. Central Slovak Mining Towns. Taxes. Kremnica.


Google
 

Do Vašej pozornosti ďalej odporúčame:
Historický ústav SAV | História Revue | Forum Historiae | Historické štúdie | Slovanské štúdie | SNKH | Slovenská historická spoločnosť pri SAV | SDKSVE pri SAV | Dejiny.sk



Upozornenie!
Na všetky príspevky sa vzťahuje autorské právo. Za obsah textov, reklám a obrázkov zodpovedajú ich autori a zadávatelia. Vydavateľ si vyhradzuje právo na skrátenie a formálnu úpravu textu, ako aj na ich jazykovú úpravu. Vydavateľ si tiež vyhradzuje právo na umiestnenie inzercií a reklamných článkov, pokiaľ nebolo dohodnuté ich umiestnenie so zadávateľom. Kopírovanie a rozširovanie textov, grafov a fotografií, alebo ich častí je povolené len s písomným súhlasom autorov a vydavateľa.

Virtuálna základňa a sprievodca milovníkov histórie!

Pridajte sa k nám na FB! Čítajte PDF cez ISSUU! Čítajte PDF cez Scribd.!

Správca domény je Mgr. Peter Krákorník. Doména je registrovaná na Ing. M. Fabricius, CSc.
Copyright © Historický ústav SAV, 1953 - 2017 | All rights reserved | Design by Mgr. Peter Krákorník
ROČNÍK 65 * 2017 * ISSN 0018-2575