|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis (ročník 67), 2019, č. 4
Š t ú d i e
Druga, Marek: Falzá v službách pravdy, svedectvá
na prahu lži. Niekoľko postrehov k pozadiu stredovekého falšovania ... 577
M a t e r i á l y
Ďurková, Mária: Historiografia v Historickom ústave SAV v rokoch 2017 – 2018 ... 695
A r c h í v
Kowalská, Eva – Kantek, Karol: Ján Galbavý: Hedžra Štúrova aneb originálny a authenticky nástin Ludevita Štúra na jeho úteku r. 1848 ... 713
R e c e n z i e
Prokš, Petr: Konec říše Romanovců (Pavol Petruf)
G l o s y ... 761
K r o n i k a ... 765
O b h á j e n é p r á c e ... 775
O b s a h 2019, roč. 67 ... 779
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Druga, Marek: The False in the Service of Truth,
Testimony on the Threshold of Lies. Some Observations on the Background of
Medieval Falsification ... 577
M a t e r i a l s
Ďurková, Mária: Historiography at the Institute of History of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2017–2018 ... 695
A r c h i v e s
Kowalská, Eva – Kantek, Karol: Ján Galbavý: Štúr’s Hijra or Ľudovít Štúr’s original, authentic Account of his Flight in 1848 ... 713
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
S t u d i e n
Druga, Marek: Fälschungen im Dienste der Wahrheit,
Zeugnisse am Rande der Lüge. Einige Feststellungen zum Hintergrund der
mittelalterlichen Verfälschung ... 577
M a t e r i a l i e n
Ďurková, Mária: Historiographie im Historischen Institut SAV (Slowakische Akademie der Wissenschaften) in den Jahren 2017–2018 ... 695
A r c h i v
Kowalská, Eva – Kantek, Karol: Ján Galbavý: Štúrs Hidschra oder die originelle und authentische Skizze von Ludevit Štúr auf seiner Flucht im Jahr 1848 ... 713
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
DRUGA, Marek. The False in the Service of Truth, Testimony on the Threshold of Lies. Some Observations on the Background of Medieval Falsification.
Historický časopis, 2019, 67, 4, pp. 577-599, Bratislava.
The paper is directed towards the wider background of false documents in the Middle Ages. The emphasis is placed on false documents that originated in the environment of the medieval ecclesiastical elites. The study considers the motives of medieval falsifiers, but the author places in the foreground the question of the ways false documents were seen or the reasons leading to the high level of spreading of false documents in the Middle Ages. The paper is written as a widely conceived account reflecting the observations of medievalists concerned with the problem of falsified documents. At the same time, increased emphasis is placed in the circumstances in which documents were falsified in the oldest monastic or specifically Benedictine environment of Hungary under the Arpád dynasty.
Key words: Middle Ages. Falsification. Kingdom of Hungary. Ecclesiastical institutions. Benedictines.
HOLEC, Roman. The origin, glory and fall of the new business nobility of the Habsburg Monarchy.
Historický časopis, 2019, 67, 4, pp. 601-631, Bratislava.
The study describes the origin, glory and fall of several important business families (Fries, Henickstein, Friesenhof and others), who gained noble status in Vienna at the end of the 18th century and retained considerable social prestige and wealth in the early 19th century. However, their minimal political influence as new noblemen did not correspond to their enormous economic and great cultural importance. The strong founding generation was usually followed by stagnation and often gradual decline with members of later generations not having the necessary persistence and qualities. This development is shown in most detail in the case of the Friesenhof family, with Johann Michael (1739–1812) founding a tradition as the first baron. His son Adolf (1798–1853) still significantly applied himself in the field of business, but his younger brother Gustav (1807–1889) already settled at Brodzany in territory now belonging to Slovakia, where he devoted his attention to business on the local level rather than on that of the whole state. With a loyal attitude to the court and the monarch, strong links with Russia, the Slovak national emancipation movement and Germany, he became a representative of a unique type within the new aristocracy with very strong European connections. His children developed these tendencies further. All this made the Friesenhofs a very interesting and entirely atypical noble family, which only confirmed the variety of this social group.
Key words: Habsburg Monarchy. 18th – 19th centuries. New business nobility. Friesenhof-Oldenburg baronial family. Links with Russia and Slovak politics.
KOUMAR, Jan. The Last Princes of the House of Collalto e San Salvatore in Moravia.
Historický časopis, 2019, 67, 4, pp. 633-657, Bratislava.
This study deals with life and activities of the last four Princes Collalto e San Salvatore who owned the Moravian family estates between 1854 and 1945. On the basis of preserved archive materials, it provides a biographical overview of their lives, family situation and of their activities connected with Moravian estates during the end of Austria-Hungary, First Czechoslovak Republic and post-war Czechoslovakia. Among these four Collaltos, Emanuel Josef (1854–1924) is the central figure, though, to understand the stagnation of the House of Collalto under its four last Princes, attention is also paid to Emanuel’s father Eduard and his two successors: Manfred and Octavian.
Key words: House of Collalto. 19th century Moravian Aristocracy. First Czechoslovak Land Reform. Collalto fideicommissum.
SCHVARC, Michal.“Every German in the Specified Year Groups has to appear before the Commissions without Invitation.” The Recruitment and Service of Germans from Slovakia in the Waffen-SS 1939–1945.
Historický časopis, 2019, 67, 4, pp. 659-693, Bratislava.
The recruitment and military service of Carpathian Germans in the Waffen-SS during the Second World War is one of the still little researched questions in the history of this community in 20th century Slovakia. More than 8,200 men enlisted in the armed units of the SS in three phases: illegally, quasi voluntarily and finally as obligatory military service. Not all of them enlisted on the basis of their actual personal convictions. Some men found themselves against their will in places where crimes against humanity were committed. The study is devoted to the recruitment mechanism and analyses the motivation of the men of the German minority to join the Waffen-SS. It also focuses on their service in some Waffen-SS units and in concentration camps. The last part does not avoid the question of criminal responsibility after 1945.
Key words: Carpathian Germans of Slovakia. Waffen-SS. Concentration camps. Heinrich Himmler. Franz Karmasin. Gottlob Berger.
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