|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A STREDNEJ EURÓPY|
|VEDECKÝ ČASOPIS O DEJINÁCH SLOVENSKA A
VYDÁVA HISTORICKÝ ÚSTAV SLOVENSKEJ AKADÉMIE VIED
ISSN 0018-2575 (print)
ISSN 2585-9099 (online)
Historický časopis (ročník 66), 2018, č. 3
O B S A H
Zupka, Dušan: Formy komunikácie politických elít
v stredovekej strednej Európe (Uhorsko, Rakúsko, České krajiny, 1250 – 1350) ...
R e c e n z i e
Bada, Michal: Slovenské dejiny II. 1526 – 1780
(Július Bartl) ... 547
C O N T E N T S
A r t i c l e s
Zupka, Dušan: Forms of communication of the
political elites in medieval Central Europe (Hungary, Austria and the Czech
Lands, 1250–1350) ... 385
Mikulášová, Alena – Palárik, Miroslav: The revision of shields, symbols, monuments and statues in the period of autonomy and the Slovak Republic, 1938–1945: the example of the city of Nitra ... 523
R E V I E W – A N N O T A T I O N S – B I B L I O G R A P H Y – C H R O N I C L E
I N H A L T
Zupka, Dušan: Formen der Kommunikation
politischer Eliten im mittelalter-lichen Mitteleuropa (Ungarn, Österreich,
tschechische Länder, 1250–1350) ... 385
Mikulášová, Alena – Palárik, Miroslav: Revision der Zeichen, Symbole, Denkmäler und Statuen in der Zeit der Autonomie und während der Slowakischen Republik 1938–1945: Beispiel der Stadt Nitra ... 523
K R I T I K – G L O S S E N – B I B L I O G R A P H I E – C H R O N I K
ZUPKA, Dušan. Forms of communication of the political elites in medieval Central Europe (Hungary, Austria and the Czech Lands, 1250–1350).
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 385-408, Bratislava.
The aim of this article is to give an account of the ritualized ways of communication of the ruling communities of the high and later Middle Ages in the Central European region. It focuses on the neighbouring realms of Bohemia, Hungary and Austria in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries (c. 1250 – c. 1350). It argues that the ruling communities were formed from diverse political groups, most prominently represented by the ruler and his entourage (dynasty, court) on the one hand and the elites (both lay and spiritual) on the other. The rule (lordship) over a particular realm was a mixture of co-operation, competition and compromise between these groups. Secondly, these political communities therefore felt the constant need for public representation of their status, rank and symbolic role within the society. Effective ways to express belonging to a political group included a range of symbols, gestures and specific rhetoric.
Key words: Communication. Ruling elites. Power. Central Europe. Rituals.
VRTEL, Andrej – MARETTA, Robert Gregor. A hoard of celtic coins discovered in Bratislava in 1776. Localising the find site.
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 409-428, Bratislava.
The study addresses the localisation of the hoard of Celtic coins discovered on the land of S. Ormosdy in a suburb of Bratislava in 1776. Written reports on the find from the period (J. H. Eckhel, K. G. von Windisch) and their comparison with information on S. Ormosdy’s land ownership history in historical-topographic material, church registers, official town books and historical maps are used for the purpose of determining the location. A critical analysis of preserved sources clearly indicates that the hoard was situated in the Blumentál suburb, specifically in the space demar-cated by today’s Belopotockého, Mýtna, Povraznícka and Žilinská streets. From the perspective of the structure of the Late La Tène settlement agglomeration, the area belonged to the ‘satellite settlement’ near Námestie slobody (Freedom Square), where three additional hoards of Celtic coins were found in 1927, 1937 and 1942.
Key words: Coin hoard discoveries. Bratislava-type Celtic coins. Stephanus Ormosdy. Blumentál suburb. Bratislava oppidum. Satellite settlement.
KOWALSKÁ, Eva. Business directed by an aristocrat: the establishment and first years of the textile factory at Uhrovec (1845–1851).
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 429-456, Bratislava.
The (Fein) Tuchfabrik at Uhrovec was established
in a region that apparently lacked material and infrastructure pre-conditions.
However, the project had another comparative advantage – the strong capital of
Key words: Kingdom of Hungary. Uhrovec. Karl Zay. History of manufacturing. Textile industry. 19th century.
DOSKOČIL, Zdeněk. Ladislav Novomeský and the Slovak cultural community in the propagandist campaign against the so-called bourgeois nationalists in spring 1951.
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 457-492, Bratislava.
In spring 1950 the poet and commissioner for education Ladislav Novomeský was tactically accused of so-called Slovak bourgeois nationalism. Under the influence of Soviet advisers in the State Security Service, the accusation of ideological deviation was reclassified as a criminal offence and Novomeský ended up in prison together with other functionaries in February 1951. After their arrest, a propagandist campaign was unleashed against so-called bourgeois nationalism. The leadership of the Communist Party of Slovakia combined it with purges of the Slovak intelligentsia. Novomeský became one of the victims. Communist intellectuals were included on the initiative of politicians and party apparatchiks. Their speeches and articles sharply condemned Novomeský’s poetry, his literary views, expert work and activities in the fields of education and culture. For a number of years, the campaign damaged Czech – Slovak relations and the development of the Slovak political and cultural spheres. It marked Novomeský’s life, since his conviction became the basis for the charges against him in the trial of so-called Slovak bourgeois nationalists in 1954.
Key words: Ladislav Novomeský. Davisté. Communist Party of Slovakia. Propaganda. Bourgeois nationalism. Repression. Political trials.
ŽÍLA, Ondřej. “The conflict began in Sarajevo and here it also ended”: the historical context of the so-called re-integration of the capital city in 1996 after the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 493-522,
Key words: Sarajevo. Dayton peace agreement. Re-integration. Serbs. (In)voluntary migration.
MIKULÁŠOVÁ, Alena – PALÁRIK, Miroslav. The revision of shields, symbols, monuments and statues in the period of autonomy and the Slovak Republic, 1938–1945: the example of the city of Nitra.
Historický časopis, 2018, 66, 3, pp. 523-546, Bratislava.
The period 1938–1945 brought extensive changes to the territory of Slovakia in all spheres of life. The public spaces did not escape the attention of the regime and were affected by numerous decrees. The consistent revision of shields, symbols, monuments and statues was a significant aspect of this. The process occurred in several phases. The first removed material reminders of the Czechoslovak Republic and democratic system. Jewish symbols were eliminated. Later the representatives of the regime concentrated on monuments to the so-called “Hungarian saints” and symbols connected with the period of the Kingdom of Hungary. This effected not only secular but also sacred spaces, and government officials came into conflict with the highest representatives of the Church in Slovakia. In the end, this prevented the consistent completion of the action.
Key words: Nitra. Sacred objects. Statues. State symbols. 1938–1945. Totalitarianism.
Do Vašej pozornosti ďalej